While the government was telling the public that there was nothing whatsoever to the UFO phenomenon, and subjecting those who disagreed to systematic ridicule (as Roscoe H. Hillenkoeter, former Inspector General of the Navy and first head of the CIA told the New York Times in 1960 said was their intention), numerous UFO sightings were reported by credentialed servicemen over Fort Hood (then known as Camp Hood) in Killeen, Texas. These UFOs flew over highly sensitive areas and appeared to take an interest in the contents of the areas. In fact, in 1945, 7 months prior to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagaski, a UFO was sited monitoring Hanford plutonium-production plant in Washington state on three separate nights in January of that year. U.S. Navy Lieutenant Junior Grade Clarence R. Clem says members of his Navy Hellcat F6F fighter squadron chased them away.
Of course, this should come as no surprise to those of us familiar with the 1947 Roswell incident. This occurred not far from what is now known as Walker Air Force Base (and which, even after the 1947 incident, is no stranger to further foreign visitations), but which was, at that time, known as Roswell Field. It was this Air Force base that was home to the 509th Bomb Group, which at that time was America’s only nuclear squadron, and was in fact the bomb group that dropped the atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On the morning of July 8, 1947, Colonel William Blanchard, commander of the 509th Bomb Group, issued the infamous press release claiming that they had discovered the first ever “flying disk” and that it had crashed in Roswell, NM.
As we will see, the subsequent wave of UFO sightings over the next few years would likewise involve visitations at similarly sensitive nuclear sights, and it was therefore not without cause, therefore, that General Nathan Twining would tell President Harry Truman in a press conference that the UFO phenomenon was real, that these craft were intelligently guided, and that they were not constructed on this planet. It is likewise understandable that Roscoe H. Hillonkoeter would say in 1960 that the government was gravely concerned about this phenomenon.
The subsequent Camp Hood / “Killeen base” sightings would be both confirmed by around 100 servicemen through visual sightings, and also confirmed by radar data. This location was one of the Air Force’s storage-and-assembly bases for nuclear weapons. The atomic Energy Commission’s Killeen base (Site Baker) was near Gray Air Force Base, which was one of the nation’s three National Stockpile Sites which contained nuclear weapons at this time, and this was one of the locations at which UFO sightings were reported between March 6 and June 6 of 1949.
March 6, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU) — (AFOSI 29 & 30) Army Sgt. Hubert Vickery and PFC John Ransom on patrol at the AFSWP (Armed Forces Special Weapons Project) nuclear weapons storage site saw a blue-white oblong object hovering near the area, followed by sightings by Army patrols shortly thereafter.
The other sightings are as follows:
“March 7, 1949; Camp Hood, Texas (AFOSI-32–34)
PFC. Max Eugene Manlove, 1st Provost Squadron, Camp Hood, Texas, saw a teardrop-shaped object, orange in color, drop vertically in front of him. (AFOSI 34). 1:30 a.m. Two other sets of military witnesses. Very brief (2 secs?). (AFOSI 32, 33).
March 8, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU) (AFOSI Case 39)
2 a.m. Army infantrymen in separate locations 1/2 mile apart sight different lights, one white seen by Payne, the other, by Cpl. Luke Sims, was of a yellowish red light in level flight crossing 60° of sky. (FOIA; FUFOR Index) 5 secs ?
Project Blue Book Sketch of Camp Hood Sightings in Early March
March 17, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU 319)
7:52 p.m. Capt. Horace McCulloch, Asst. G-2 of the 2nd Armored Division at the nuclear weapons storage site, was preparing the test firing of flares in order to prove recent sightings were mistakes when he and his men themselves saw aerial phenomena, 7 separate sightings by trained artillery observers in different locations enabled rapid triangulation of large, green, red and white flare-like objects flying in generally straight lines. (FOIA) 1 hr ?
Project Blue Book File on March 17 Sightings
March 31, 1949. E of Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
11:50 p.m. (AFOSI Case 46) Army Lt. Frederick Davis on patrol saw a reddish white ball of fire pass horizontally over the base airstrip, and noted interference on the field telephone afterward when he reported it. (FOIA) 10–15 secs
April 27, 1949. SE of Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
9:20 p.m. 2 Army soldiers [Pvt Frank Pillett and PFC Belislandro Stearns] on patrol saw a blinking violet object 1-secs 1/2 inches in diameter 10–12 ft away and about 6–7 ft above ground in motion, passing through branches of a tree before disappearing. At 9:25 p.m., 2 miles away 4 Army men sighted a 4-inch bright light, with a 2–4-inch metallic cone trailing in the back, 600 ft away 6–7 ft above ground silently approaching from the NE in level flight at 60–70 mph, disappearing suddenly in the SW at 150 ft away. At 9:37 p.m. the same witnesses saw a 2-inch white light appear 100 ft away to the NNE flying in a zigzag in level flight about 6 ft above ground, disappearing suddenly. At 9:39 p.m. the same witnesses saw a 3rd light in the WSW. (FOIA; FUFOR Index; Jan Aldrich) 1 min+
Blue Book Summary of April 27 Sightings
April 28, 1949. SE of Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
8:30–10 p.m. Several Army security patrols sighted a variety of strange lights, mostly slow moving changing color from white to red to green, one with a red blinking light, one with a “cone shaped affair” trailing in the rear similar to one seen the day before. (FOIA)
March and April
OSI / Blue Book Report Summarizing March & April Sightings.
May 6, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
UFO observation network using Army artillery observers (Ward?), established 2 days earlier, tracks its first object. (FOIA; Jan Aldrich) real-time triangulation?
Note: On May 7, a high level conference was held at Camp Hood with a number of top military officials, including the commanding officer of Killeen Base, Lt. Col. H. L Gandy, as well as representatives of the OSI , ONI, and FBI. The report on the conference stated, “During the day, all representatives of the Fourth Army expressed great concern about the unknown phenomena as they believed some of the sightings to be valid, and even after all questionable sightings were discounted, that there remained a sufficient number of unknown manifestations to cause grave concern. This view was shared by the ONI representative.” The report concluded with: “At the joint weekly conference between representatives of Fourth Army, FBI, ONI, and OSI, held on 19 May 1949, representatives of the other agencies were unanimous in agreeing that the new [UFO] observation system instituted by Fourth Army provided precise results and definitely indicated that the unknown phenomena in the Camp Hood area could not be attributed to natural causes.”
May 7, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
7:40 p.m. Lt. Mardell Ward, at the Army’s UFO observation post, and another observation site, spotted a brilliant white diamond-shaped object at triangulated location 15,000 ft away at 1,000 ft 57 secs 2+ real-time triangulation altitude headed NW. Object was tracked for 57 seconds as it traveled 20 miles (at 1,300 mph) while changing color from white to reddish to greenish as it dropped altitude and dimmed then disappeared. No sound. (FOIA; Jan Aldrich; Loren Gross Jan-Jun 1949 Supp p. 79, erroneously put at Los Alamos)
May 8, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
10:08–10:17 p.m. Lt. Mardell Ward, at the Army’s UFO observation post, and 2 other posts sighted brilliant diamond-shaped object to the W moving NW or NE at 1,600 ft altitude slowly dropping. Severe radio intereference during sighting, none afterward. (FOIA; Jan Aldrich; Loren Gross Jan-Jun 1949 Supp p. 80, erroneously put at Los Alamos) 9 mins realtime triangulation
June 6, 1949; Killeen Base, Camp Hood, Texas (BBU)
9:05–9:08 p.m. Williams, Jones and others in UFO observation and triangulation network tracked a hovering orange object about 30–70 ft in diameter, 2 mils angular size, 1 mile above ground, 3 miles S of the observation post, 4–1/2 miles S of the Plotting Center, which suddenly started moving in level flight then exploded in a shower of particles. (FOIA; FUFOR Index)”